Boll sundary ber Importance:
Among the fruit trees, ber cultivation requires perhaps the least inputs and care. It gives good production even without irrigation and can be grown as a rainfed crop in semi-arid and arid regions. The tree can, therefore give assured income even under marginal growing conditions and provides nutritious nursery plants food/ bol sundory kul at very low cost. The boll sundory ber fruit is dried and is used as a dessert fruit. It can also be preserved as a candied fruit.
Climate for Ber cultivation:
The ber is a hardy fruit and grows well all over the country under varying climatic conditions and upto an elevation of 1000 meters above sea level. For ber plant nursery its successful cultivation, it favours a hot and dry climate. The Ber crop withstands high temperature and aridity by cessation of growth, leaf fall and dormancy phase. In high humidity conditions disease and pest problems increase especially of powdery mildew which is a serious disease.
Ber plant grows on a wide variety of soils ranging from shallow to deep and from gravelly and sandy to clayey. The ber develops a deep tap root system within a short period of its growth, and as such to adverse soil conditions. Ber can also withstand alkalinity and slightly waterlogged conditions. It can, in fact, withstand and often do better than most fruits on poor soils.
Monsoon season offers best choice, for raising in situ plantation in Maharashtra and arid and semi-arid parts of our country, at a spacing of 6 x 6 m. Protective irrigation during summer months will ensure the survival and good growth of the plants. Deheading these seedlings to ground level in the month of May helps to give new shoots by July. Patch budding these shoots in July helps to convert it into choice variety.
In Northern India, planting is done either in February-March or July-September at a spacing of 7-8 months.
After the layout, pits of 60x60x60 cm are dug. About 100 g of 10 per cent carbaryl or Aldrex dust is sprinkled on the bottom sides of pits to prevent termites. Pits are filled with top soil mixed with 20 kg farmyard manure and 1 kg super phosphates. Treated seeds or bud grafts are planted in these pits at the onset of Monsoon.