Arecanut is a crop in areas where abundant rainfall is present as it cannot tolerate drought or low rainfall. It grows well in temperature climates within the range of 14 – 36 degree C.
The tree grows approximately 30 m in height and starts giving fruit from the 5th to 7th year till up to an average lifespan of 60 years. The economic life is on an average of about 40 years. Though the deep clay loam soil is more suitable for its growth, it also grows in alluvial, lateritic or red loamy soil.